Intuitive Policing & Deception Detection


I read an article in an FBI Bulletin on "Intuitive Policing: Emotional/Rational Decision Making in Law Enforcement." The authors discuss instances where police officers act or react to a situation without knowing exactly why they did what they did, but in hindsight their actions were accurate. They provided an example of an officer doing a buy-bust operation for narcotics sales on the street and how the officer identified a particular individual as having a gun, without seeing one or having information he was carrying one. He just felt he was carrying a gun and was unable to articulate why he felt that way until after the incident while writing his report. Subtle details such as the individual had a long sleeve shirt pulled out over his pants on a very warm day, he got up from the curb and adjusted his waistband, and he turned away from the officer and began walking away and grabbed the right side of his waistband as if securing some object. These observations were made so rapidly the officer was not able to say exactly what he saw, only state his conclusion that the individual was carrying a gun, which was correct...he had a .357 revolver in his waistband. After the stress of the incident was over, thinking back on the incident he was able to accurately recall details which led him to his belief the guy was carrying a weapon. It was a pre-conscious recognition of danger, and the authors discuss on a neurological level how this occurs. In my experience, this occurs in assessments of veracity as well, such as in situations where an officer hears a story from an individual or reads a victims statement and has this intuitive feeling that something is wrong. They may not know why they feel that way, but they know that something is just not right with this story or statement. Investigative Statement Analysis brings to light WHY the officer or investigator feels that way, and through training they can effectively identify and address it.

The Art and Science of Interrogation


After 3 days of harsh interrogation which included being hooded and held in stress positions, this individual, a suspected arms dealer, did not provide any information or intelligence to the people questioning him (I don’t even want to call them “interrogators”). It wasn’t until an actual, professional interrogator took over the questioning process that information was developed, in 3 hours…not 3 days! This suspect admitted to selling weapons to insurgents and told the interrogator where his stash of weapons was as well as where another arms dealer kept his weapons too. To read more, click HERE. Rapport, respect, trust, etc should not be considered “soft” skills, but rather powerful weapons in pursuit of the truth if developed and used properly.

Statement Analysis & Truthfulness

One thing to keep in mind about Investigative Statement Analysis is that it’s not just for identifying deception. I know that may be obvious to some people reading this, but it seems that there are people, including investigators, who have lost sight of this. It is important to calibrate yourself, or recalibrate, to a neutral and objective zone when analyzing language. Staying neutral and objective will give you the best results when applying principles of statement analysis and help you avoid confirmation bias. This dangerous mindset can occur within statement analysis as well, in that you only look for indicators of possible deception within language and dismiss, or miss altogether, indicators consistent with truthfulness. Throughout my years as a detective and sergeant within the Connecticut State Police Major Crime Squad, I have had a lot of success with using investigative statement analysis in identifying deception and securing accurate and reliable confessions from people. I have also had a lot of success using these same principles to prove the reliability of written statements when other people were doubting their veracity, including victims of kidnappings, robberies and sexual assaults, as well as suspects accused of sexual assaults, theft and other crimes too. Investigative statement analysis is a powerful tool when used properly, but as with anything, it can lead an investigator astray if used inappropriately.

He Knows if You've Been Bad or Good...

No, no, no! Not THIS guy!


I'm talking about the guy or gal who has beed trained by LIES, LLC!

Let LIES, LLC Linguistic Interrogation Expert Services be your source for training in 2015 and beyond to help you reach the TRUTH in your investigative interviews and criminal interrogations! We are in the process of setting up courses in Investigative Statement Analysis, Cognitive Interviewing, Interview & Interrogation and more for this coming year for both law enforcement as well as corporations and insurance companies. We also have a couple joint ventures in the works as well as The Lie Boat 2!

So stay in touch, stay safe and have a great holiday season and a successful New Year!

Interviewing Stress & Brain Food

I'm sure you have conducted an interview or interrogation for a couple hours and afterwards you walked out of the room physically and mentally drained! It's not like you were lifting weights or running on a treadmill, so why does an intense interview or interrogation take such a physical and psychological toll on you, and what can you do about it?

We talk to people all day and don't get drained like that. Think about it; at a house party or bar you may spend the same amount of time talking with someone about their vacation, their job or their family and walk away fine, even invigorated at times! Although you were talking for the same amount of time, the cognitive demand placed upon an interviewer during an investigative interview or criminal interrogation is tremendous! What's interesting from a biological perspective is that on a regular basis our brain consumes roughly 25% of our blood glucose, our energy source, and the more stress and mental energy we face the more fuel our brain uses. This is why you get physically and mentally drained during an investigative interview or criminal interrogation!

Take this into consideration next time you are preparing for an interview or interrogation and fuel up your body so your mind stays sharp! Snacking on some brain-healthy foods such as dark chocolate, nuts, blueberries, or avocado, in addition to a little caffeine boost with some coffee or tea, may help feed your brain power. Avoid doughnuts and sugary foods as the boost may be temporary but then then you will likely crash and lose focus easily.

Also, make sure you fuel up your mind and continue to get ongoing training and practice your skills so they become second nature. Doing so will make it one less thing for you to consciously worry about during an interview freeing up more of your cognitive abilities. If your training and skill level is high and you function with "unconscious competence", you won't be consciously worrying about tactics and techniques during your interview and you will be able to more effectively focus on the task at hand...question effectively, listen with forensic intensity and to get the truth!



Our primary purpose is to enhance the investigator's ability to develop rapport, facilitate communication, extract more accurate information, detect deception and obtain the TRUTH from every investigative inquiry.


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